Legend of the true cross, San Francesco, Arezzo
- (c. 1454-1458)This fresco cycle was commissioned from Piero della Francesca by the Bacci family for the Cappella Maggiore of San Francesco. The main scenes follow Jacobus da Voragine's story in the Golden Legend of the wood used for the cross on which Christ was crucified. According to the account, Seth placed the seedlings from the Tree of Knowledge in Adam's mouth at the time of his death. These grew into a new tree that King Solomon cut for use as a bridge over a stream. When the Queen of Sheba crossed the bridge to meet the king, she learned that this would be the wood on which Christ would be crucified and announced that it would bring about the obliteration of the Jewish people. Solomon buried the wood to prevent such tragedy, but centuries later it resurfaced and the Romans used it for the crucifixion. Helena, Constantine the Great's mother, traveled to Jerusalem to recover the true cross, which was recognized when it effected the miraculous resurrection of a dead boy. In the seventh century, the Persian King Chrosoes stole the wood, and the Byzantine Emperor Heraclius recovered it, carrying it back to Jerusalem as Christ had done on the road to Calvary. Among these scenes in San Francesco, an Annunciation is included as reminder that the cycle tells the story of the relic on which the incarnated Christ shed his blood to grant salvation to the faithful. Piero's frescoes symbolize the historical triumph of Christianity against its enemies.
Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. Lilian H. Zirpolo. 2008.
Look at other dictionaries:
San Francesco, Arezzo — The Basilica of San Francesco is a late Medieval church in Arezzo, Tuscany, Italy, dedicated to St Francis of Assisi. It is especially renowned for housing in the chancel the fresco cycle Legends of the True Cross by Piero della… … Wikipedia
The History of the True Cross — The Dream of Constantine, the first nocturnal scene in Western art (pre restoration image) … Wikipedia
True Cross — The True Cross is the name for physical remnants which, by a Christian tradition, are believed to be from the actual cross upon which Jesus was crucified. [The birth, teachings and death of Jesus were recorded by four 1st century writers, in the… … Wikipedia
Arezzo — /euh ret soh/; It. /ah rddet tsaw/, n. a city in central Italy. 312,514. * * * ▪ Italy Latin Arretium, city, Toscana ( Tuscany) regione, north central Italy, in a fertile plain near the confluence of the Chiana and Arno rivers southeast of… … Universalium
List of cultural references in The Divine Comedy — The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri is a long allegorical poem in three parts or canticas (or cantiche ), Inferno (Hell), Purgatorio (Purgatory), and Paradiso (Paradise), and 100 cantos, with the Inferno having 34, Purgatorio 33, and Paradiso 33 … Wikipedia
Piero della Francesca — A self portrait, detail from Resurrection Birth name Piero della Francesca Born 1415 (1415) … Wikipedia
Piero della Francesca — /pee air oh del euh fran ches keuh, frahn /; It. /pye rddaw del lah frddahn che skah/, (Piero de Franceschi). See Francesca, Piero della. Also called Piero. * * * born с 1420, Sansepolcro?, Republic of Florence died Oct. 12, 1492, Sansepolcro… … Universalium
Thematic development of Italian Renaissance painting — This article about the development of themes in Italian Renaissance painting is an extension to the article Italian Renaissance painting, for which it provides additional pictures with commentary. The works encompassed are from Giotto in the… … Wikipedia
Khosrau II — King of Persia Gold coin with the image of Khosrau II Reign Persia: 590 AD to 628 AD … Wikipedia
Francesca, Piero della — (c. 1406 1492) Italian painter born in Borgo San Sepolcro in the Tuscan region to a family of leather merchants. Piero della Francesca was not only an artist but also a mathematician, geometrician, and theorist. He authored two treatises, one… … Dictionary of Renaissance art